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A setting is the mount in which gems are set  into  rings,  earrings,  pendants  and  bracelets.  There are many different styles of settings used  in modern jewellery making; the more common  ones being illusion setting, prong setting (also  known as a claw setting), pave setting, channel  setting,  tension  setting,  milgrain  setting,  bezel  setting and invisible setting. 

It  is  important  to  consider  the  setting  when  buying  jewellery  set  with  gemstones.  Always  remember that gold and silver are relatively soft  metals  and  therefore  only  a  small  amount  of  pressure applied to a prong setting in the wrong  direction  can  easily  alter  its  shape.  Simply by catching a prong on a fibre as you remove a  jumper  could  bend  a  prong  and  therefore  I  recommend  that  prong  set  pieces  are  quickly  checked prior to putting them on, to ensure that  the gem is not loose.

One well-known setting for rings is the Tiffany  setting (named after the famous jewellers who  first  made  it  popular),  this  is  a  4  or  6  prong  setting that elevates a solitaire gem above the  band of gold or platinum.  If a gem is completely  enclosed, as in a bezel setting, it is referred to  as a closed setting; the term open setting would  apply to prong set gems.

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Lapis Lazuli in a bezel setting.